Arizona residents have been affected by drought more and more frequently. While population rises, and groundwater resources diminish the state has established a diverse portfolio of water supplies and management strategies to create a sustainable water system. The diversity of this system assures that Arizona can effectively manage their water resources and generate more planning opportunities for economic growth. (1) We can learn from these six creative Arizona water policies: (2)
- Water Reuse
- Water Conservation
- Water Exchanges
- Slow Groundwater Usage
- Unused Water Storage
- Tribal Water Claims Settlements
Water reuse is number one for a reason. Arizona is one of the top four states leading the nation in water reuse. In central Arizona 95% of the wastewater generated is reclaimed to serve beneficial uses. (1) Reuse saves resources, money, generates revenue, and serves as a key resource for many groups including: residential, agricultural, industry, manufacturing, universities, hospitals, military facilities, fire protection, and other public institutions. (1)
We can also take notes on Arizona’s water conservation efforts. The state uses various resourceful techniques to save water. Block rates, or tiered water pricing that increases when water usage increases, are used to keep people from over usage. However, many water rate structures are still very low. The state offers financial incentives to homeowners and businesses who are willing to do away with their traditional lawns. Installing water-efficient home appliances and irrigation controllers can also earn residents some financial bonuses. (2)
Read more about the rest of the list here.
- Tucker, David. A Win-Win-Win: Regulation, Use, and Pricing of Reclaimed Water in Arizona. 29 10 2015. http://efc.web.unc.edu/2015/10/29/reclaimed-water-arizona/. 27 4 2018
- Robert Glennon. Your Turn: 6 innovative water policies that helped Arizona grow during a drought. 10 4 2018. https://www.azcentral.com/story/opinion/op-ed/2018/04/10/arizona-water-policy-innovative-groundwater-conservation-glennon/499898002/. 27 4 2018.
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